The hottest supply chain finance must know the eig

2022-09-19
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Supply chain finance must know the eight basic principles of supply chain

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core tip: supply chain is a system, which is an organic whole with specific functions formed by the combination of several interacting and interdependent components. Supply chain is a functional chain structure mode that integrates suppliers, manufacturers, sellers, logistics service providers and end users through the control of information flow, logistics and capital flow around core enterprises

[China Packaging News] the supply chain is a system, which is an organic whole with specific functions formed by the combination of several interacting and interdependent components. Supply chain is a functional chain structure mode that integrates suppliers, manufacturers, sellers, logistics service providers and end users through the control of information flow, logistics and capital flow around core enterprises

the principle of horizontal integration of resources

the principle of horizontal integration of resources reveals a new thinking under the new economic situation. This principle believes that today, with the rapid development of economic globalization, enterprises can no longer meet the requirements of the rapidly changing market for enterprises only by relying on the original management mode and their limited resources. Enterprises must abandon the traditional management mode based on vertical thinking and change to a new management mode based on horizontal thinking. Enterprises must integrate the resources of external related enterprises horizontally, form a strategic alliance of "strong combination and complementary advantages", and form a community of interests to participate in market competition, so as to achieve the purpose of improving service quality while reducing costs, quickly responding to customer needs and giving customers more choices

different ways of thinking correspond to different management modes and enterprise development strategies. Vertical thinking corresponds to the management mode of "vertical integration", and the development strategy of enterprises is vertical expansion; Horizontal thinking corresponds to the management mode of "horizontal integration", and the development strategy of enterprises is horizontal alliance. This principle emphasizes the horizontal integration of advantageous resources, that is, each node enterprise in the supply chain participates in the resource integration of the supply chain with its resources that can produce competitive advantages. In the supply chain, with the completion of its advantageous business, we adopt self-lubricating bearings to replace hydrostatic bearings to participate in the overall operation of the supply chain

this principle is one of the most basic principles of supply chain management, which shows the major changes in people's way of thinking

two system principle

the system principle believes that the supply chain is a system, which is an organic whole with specific functions formed by the combination of several interactive and interdependent components. Supply chain is a functional chain structure mode that integrates suppliers, manufacturers, sellers, logistics service providers and end users through the control of information flow, logistics and capital flow around core enterprises

supply chain is a complex large-scale system, and its system characteristics are mainly reflected in its overall function. This overall function is a specific function that no member enterprise of the supply chain has. It is the function integration between supply chain partners, not a simple superposition. The overall function of the supply chain system focuses on the comprehensive competitiveness of the supply chain, which is not possessed by any single supply chain member enterprise

the principle of three win-win reciprocity

the principle of multi win reciprocity believes that the supply chain is a community of interests formed by relevant enterprises in order to adapt to the new competitive environment, and its close cooperation is based on common interests. The member enterprises of the supply chain seek a goal of multi win reciprocity through a negotiation mechanism, thanks for paying attention to the official account of purchasing practitioners. The supply chain will cause some problems in the experimental process. Management has changed the competition mode of enterprises, transformed the competition between enterprises into the competition between supply chains, and emphasized that the core enterprises should establish strategic partnerships with the upstream and downstream enterprises in the supply chain, so that each enterprise can give full play to its own advantages and achieve the effect of win-win and mutual benefit in the value-added chain

four principles of cooperation and sharing

the principle of cooperation and sharing has two meanings, one is cooperation, the other is sharing

the principle of cooperation holds that because any enterprise has limited resources and does not understand the installation process of oil cylinders, it cannot obtain competitive advantages in all business areas. Therefore, if an enterprise wants to win in the competition, it must focus its limited resources on its core business. At the same time, enterprises must establish close strategic cooperation with relevant enterprises that have competitive advantages in one aspect all over the world, and hand over the non core business of the enterprise to the cooperative enterprises, so as to give full play to their unique competitive advantages, so as to improve the overall competitiveness of the supply chain system

According to the sharing principle, the implementation of supply chain cooperation means the sharing of management ideas and methods, resources, market opportunities, information, advanced technology and risks. Among them, information sharing is the basis of supply chain management. Accurate and reliable information can help enterprises make correct decisions. The coordinated operation of supply chain system is based on the high-quality information transmission and sharing of each node enterprise. The application of information technology effectively promotes the development of supply chain management and improves the operation efficiency of supply chain

five demand driven principles

the demand driven principle believes that the formation, existence and reconstruction of the supply chain are based on certain market demand. In the operation process of the supply chain, the user's demand is the driving source of the information flow, product/service flow and capital flow operation in the supply chain. Thank you for paying attention to the purchasing practitioners' official account. Under the supply chain management mode, the operation of the supply chain is carried out in an order driven manner. Commodity purchase orders are generated driven by user demand orders. Then commodity purchase orders drive product manufacturing orders, product manufacturing orders drive raw material (parts) purchase orders, and raw material (parts) purchase orders drive suppliers. This step-by-step order driven mode enables the supply chain system to respond to users' needs on time, thereby reducing inventory costs and improving the speed of logistics and inventory turnover

six rapid response principles

the rapid response principle believes that under the background of global economic integration, with the continuous intensification of market competition, the pace of economic activities is also faster and faster, and users' requirements for time are also higher and higher. Users not only require enterprises to deliver on time, but also require shorter and shorter delivery time. Therefore, enterprises must be able to respond quickly to the changing market, have strong product development ability and the ability to quickly organize product production, and continuously develop customized "personalized products" to meet the diversified needs of users to occupy the market, so as to win the competition

in the current market environment, everything requires rapid response to user needs, and to achieve this goal, it is not enough to rely on the efforts of only one enterprise. Supply chain management emphasizes on-time, that is, on-time procurement, on-time production, on-time distribution, and emphasizes that the selection of suppliers should be less but better, all of which reflect the idea of rapid response to user needs

seven principles of synchronous operation

the principle of synchronous operation believes that the supply chain is a functional network composed of different enterprises, and there are many types of cooperative relationships among its member enterprises. The performance of the supply chain system depends on whether the supply chain partnership is harmonious. Only a harmonious and coordinated system can play its best role. The key of supply chain management lies in the close cooperation between the node enterprises in the supply chain and the good coordination between them in all aspects

the synchronous operation of the supply chain requires the member enterprises of the supply chain to solve the problem of production synchronization through synchronous production plans. The synchronous operation of the supply chain can be realized only when the member enterprises of the supply chain and the departments within the enterprise keep in step. The just in time production system formed by the supply chain requires the upstream enterprises to provide the necessary raw materials (parts) for the downstream enterprises on time. If any enterprise in the supply chain fails to deliver on time, it will lead to the instability of the supply chain system or the interruption of its operation, resulting in the decline of the responsiveness of the supply chain system to users. Therefore, it is very important to maintain the consistency of production rhythm among the member enterprises of the supply chain

eight dynamic reconstruction principles

the dynamic reconstruction principle believes that this instrument can be equipped with a photographic device for micrographics, and the supply chain is dynamic and reconfigurable. Supply chain is formed in a certain period of time, for a certain market opportunity, in order to adapt to a certain market demand, and has a certain life cycle. Thanks for paying attention to the official account of procurement practitioners. When the market environment and user needs change greatly, the supply chain around the core enterprise must be able to respond quickly and be able to conduct dynamic and rapid reconstruction

market opportunities, partner selection, core resource integration, business process reengineering and agility are the main factors of supply chain dynamic reconstruction. From the perspective of development trend, the establishment of Virtual Enterprises Based on supply chain will be a form of dynamic and rapid reconstruction of supply chain

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