The hottest agricultural machinery import and expo

2022-08-05
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In 2016, the import and export trade of agricultural machinery reached a turning point

China's agricultural machinery foreign trade market was affected by multiple factors such as the downturn of the world economic situation and the decline of purchasing power. The growth of import and export volume showed a decreasing trend year by year. In 2015, China's agricultural machinery import and export trade has become a relatively bleak year in the past six years, and the year-on-year growth rate has reached an inflection point. Customs statistics show that in 2015, the cumulative import and export volume reached US $12.444 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 4.63%. 3.5 percentage points lower than that of the national machinery industry. The trade surplus reached US $7.894 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 2.35%. The situation of agricultural machinery import and export trade has been pushed to the "freezing point" below zero in one fell swoop, breaking a new record of low-speed export growth. In 2016, the export of agricultural machinery was faced with a more complex and changeable situation. The export trade situation was still in the doldrums. It is expected to be slightly better than that in 2015, but it is difficult to make substantive changes. However, the import of agricultural machinery will still run along the downward channel, and the inflection point of the import and export trade of agricultural machinery has emerged

the year-on-year growth rate of import and export fell sharply

the export trade of agricultural machinery reached a new low. From the analysis of the year-on-year trend of agricultural machinery export, the agricultural machinery export market in 2015 achieved the worst performance in the past six years. Customs statistics show that the annual export trade volume reached US $10.169 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 3.8%, 0.4 percentage points higher than that of the machinery industry

Judging the quality of the clamps of the tensile testing machine

the characteristics of the export trend of China's agricultural machinery in the six years from 2010 to 2015 can be described as ups and downs. In 2011, the export of agricultural machinery increased significantly, with a year-on-year increase of 29.7%; After that, the year-on-year growth rate in 2012 and 2013 fell into single digits, but showed the characteristics of restorative growth; In 2014, it once occupied a double-digit height; In 2015, it fell into the channel of negative growth again

the import of agricultural machinery kept falling. According to the analysis of the agricultural machinery import market in 2015, the customs statistics show that the annual cumulative import volume reached US $2.28 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 8.3%, 5.3 percentage points lower than that of the machinery industry. According to the import market trend in the six years from 2010 to 2015, after the substantial growth in 2011, the year-on-year growth rate continued to run at a low level. In 2014 and 2015, the market experienced negative growth for two consecutive years

2015, with the slowdown of the world economy and sluggish external demand, the global overcapacity of agricultural machinery led to the contraction of international trade, and the steep decline of agricultural machinery commodity prices, which was an important reason for the decline of China's agricultural machinery foreign trade. In 2015, the global agricultural machinery trade was declining rapidly. Among the global trade volume, the decline of China's agricultural machinery was the lowest

the decline of trade surplus and the decline of export contribution rate

China's agricultural machinery export is facing the contradiction between traditional export products and the adjustment of foreign trade market demand structure. The decline of international market competitiveness has become the biggest problem faced by agricultural machinery export, which urgently needs to arouse the vigilance of China's agricultural machinery export enterprises. In 2015, China's agricultural machinery export surplus declined slightly, indicating that China's agricultural machinery export competitive advantage is being eroded and weakened. According to customs statistics, in 2015, China achieved a cumulative export surplus of US $7.894 billion, a slight year-on-year decrease of 2.35%, which is the first negative growth since 2011. Judging from the trend of China's agricultural machinery export surplus in recent years, after four consecutive years of year-on-year growth from 2011 to 2014, the year-on-year growth stopped abruptly in 2015, indicating that China's agricultural machinery export trade is facing a severe test, and accelerating the export structure adjustment may become an inevitable choice for China's agricultural machinery export enterprises

export contribution rate decreased. As one of the three carriages driving the agricultural machinery market, the contribution rate of agricultural machinery export is decreasing year by year. According to customs statistics, in 2015, China's agricultural machinery industry achieved a main business income of 452.36 billion yuan and an export volume of 59.81 billion yuan (RMB), accounting for 13.22%, a new low in the past five years. From the trend of the contribution rate of agricultural machinery export (the ratio of agricultural machinery export value to the main business income of agricultural machinery) in recent five years, the contribution rate of export trade to agricultural machinery economy is declining year by year

the import and export structure has quietly changed, and the trend of large-scale is highlighted.

from the analysis of the structure of agricultural machinery import and export products in 2015, the import and export structure has changed at the same time, and the trend of large-scale demand in domestic and international markets has become increasingly prominent

the trend of large-scale export market has suddenly intensified. From the analysis of export market, China's main export products show a large-scale trend. Taking the tractor export market as an example, although the export products are still mainly small and medium-sized, after two consecutive years of decline in 2013 and 2014, the average price of a single tractor soared by $600 in 2015, of which the average price of a single wheeled tractor rose to more than $2500. Returning to the level in 2012, it shows that China's tractor export structure has accelerated adjustment and the trend of large-scale is strong

coincidentally, the export price of China's harvest machinery export market also increased significantly. According to customs statistics, in 2015, the average price of a single export harvester increased by $1300, a year-on-year increase of 25.15%. From the analysis of the trend of the average price of a single harvester exported in China from 2011 to 2015, after two consecutive years of decline in 2013 and 2014, it returned to the price level in 2012. Among them, in 2015, the average export price of root or tuber and sugarcane harvesters increased by US $58000 and US $24000 respectively, with a more prominent trend of large-scale

there is no export in the trend of large-scale import. Affected by the adjustment of domestic market demand structure, the trend of large-scale import market in China has become increasingly prominent

taking the tractor export market as an example, in 2015, the average price of a single tractor increased significantly, from usd41200/tractor in 2014 to usd63000/tractor. The average price of a single tractor increased by usd21800, an increase of 50.25% year-on-year. From the analysis of the trend of the average export price of a single tractor in recent years, after experiencing the high price in 2011, it hovered around us $40000/tractor for three consecutive years from 2012 to 2014, and increased significantly in 2015, indicating that the domestic market demand is undergoing major adjustment and the trend of large-scale is becoming stronger, while the domestic tractor manufacturing industry can not meet the market demand

another example is the import of harvesting machinery market. Customs statistics show that in 2015, the average export price of a single harvester increased by USD 58500, a year-on-year increase of 49.46%

the dispersion and concentration of export categories increased slightly

in 2015, China's agricultural machinery export showed the characteristics of relatively scattered export categories and slight increase of mainstream export categories. According to the analysis of the top 10 agricultural machinery categories with export value, the accumulated export value reached US $5.453 billion. Compared with the same period last year, some domestic manufacturers have also adopted high-precision load sensors to measure the force slip by 1.85%; Accounting for 53.63%, an increase of 1.0 compared with the same period of the previous year. The tensile machine is a mechanical force adding experimental machine used to test the mechanical properties of materials, such as stretching, tightening, bending, shearing, stripping, etc. 4%. Among the top 10 export categories, there was a year-on-year characteristic of "7 drops and 3 liters". The top two road tractors for semi trailers and non self-propelled drilling or shaft sinking machinery decreased by 4.1% and 12.2% respectively year-on-year. The three categories of export products, such as mower horizontal rotating lawn, park or playground motor mower, dredger and other listed machinery parts, have increased to varying degrees

agricultural machinery import and export trade opportunities and challenges coexist

2016, China's agricultural machinery import and export trade is facing a more complex and changeable situation, of which the following factors should not be ignored

first, the economies of developed countries in Europe and the United States are showing a gradual recovery momentum, and it is expected that external demand will pick up

second, the marketization and flexibility of RMB exchange rate are conducive to China's export trade. Since 2015, the RMB exchange rate against the US dollar has been in the trend of depreciation. The depreciation of the exchange rate in the mechanical fatigue spring test machine of Jinan experimental machine factory is driven by the electromechanical and reducer connecting cam to drive the connecting rod to do reciprocating motion, which will help exports to a certain extent

third, the policy dividends of domestic reform and opening-up gradually appear, which is conducive to export trade. The institutional innovation and opening up of China's four major free trade zones will promote export trade. The expansion of the "the Belt and Road" will help "made in China" to explore emerging markets

fourth, a series of policies and measures to promote export trade jointly promote exports

fifth, the trade promotion and trade transfer effects of China Australia and China South Korea and other free trade zones boost the export of agricultural machinery

sixth, new competitive advantages are accumulating. The group of agricultural machinery enterprises with transnational operation capacity in China is growing day by day, and private enterprises are constantly bursting with vitality, actively expanding to the export of high-end industries and high value-added agricultural machinery products. Pay more attention to brand building. The technical content of agricultural machinery export products has been continuously improved, and large agricultural machinery has become a new growth hotspot

seventh, emerging trade formats have injected new vitality into foreign trade

eighth, the low base effect of the negative growth of agricultural machinery exports in 2015. In 2015, the growth rate of agricultural machinery export trade was -3.8%, and the low base was conducive to the growth of export trade in 2016

on the other hand, we must also see the adverse factors faced by agricultural machinery exports in 2016

first, Global trade has entered a state of sluggish development, and the overall external environment is unfavorable. Second, the uncertainty of monetary policy in developed countries has an unstable impact on the exchange rate market, which may lead to financial instability. Third, the international market demand is insufficient, and the purchasing power is declining, which has a great impact on the export of agricultural machinery. Fourth, the export of agricultural machinery is facing the stage of transformation and upgrading. It will have a great impact on China's agricultural machinery, which mainly exports small and medium-sized products, and will inevitably have an adverse impact on the export of agricultural machinery. Fourth, China's traditional competitive advantage has been further weakened. Fifth, trade frictions have intensified. Some countries have taken unconventional measures such as setting up trade barriers to seize the international market, and the high incidence of Global trade protectionism has not been significantly alleviated. The worldwide agricultural machinery export market is more competitive

based on this, the export of agricultural machinery in 2016, which entered the consolidation period, may rebound slightly after experiencing a slight decline in 2015, but the growth rate is very limited. It is estimated that the export will be about US $10.2 billion, an increase of about 2% year-on-year. From the analysis of export categories, large scale is still the basic feature of agricultural machinery export in 2016. The export region will further shift to the Americas and Africa, and the export of harvesting machinery will still be concentrated in Asia

at the same time, agricultural machinery imports will further run along the downward channel in 2016. It is estimated that the import value of agricultural machinery in 2016 may reach about US $2.1 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 8%. From the perspective of imported models, the trend in 2015 will continue, and large machinery will occupy the mainstream of imports

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