Intelligent manufacturing can be achieved only by

2022-08-24
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At present, the global manufacturing industry is in a stage of transformation and upgrading. China should also steadily promote the development of manufacturing industry in combination with its own national conditions. At present, the global manufacturing industry is in a stage of transformation and upgrading. China should also steadily promote the development of manufacturing industry in combination with its own national conditions. Relevant experts pointed out that intelligent manufacturing in China should focus on data-driven intelligent manufacturing

at present, the intellectualization of made in China mainly faces two tasks: one is the intellectualization of single point, such as CNC machine tools, robots, 3D printing, etc; The other is the global intelligence of single point collaboration. At present, the following three problems that hinder the development of Intelligent Manufacturing in China need to be solved:

first, the standard and specification system of intelligent manufacturing is not perfect. The imperfection of intelligent manufacturing standard and specification system in China is mainly reflected in two aspects. First, the top-level reference framework of intelligent manufacturing is lacking. China has not yet established a complete top-level reference framework for intelligent manufacturing, and the layer by layer logical progressive relationship of intelligent manufacturing framework is not clear. At present, the German electrical and electronics industry association has released the reference architecture of industry 4.0 and defined the components of industry 4.0, laying the foundation for enterprises to develop future intelligent products and business models. At the same time, the United States industrial interconnection alliance, led by ATT, Cisco, general motors, IBM, Intel and other companies, is building an industrial interconnection reference framework from seven aspects: physical systems, sensors and actuators, "the market leader of a foreign-funded chemical enterprise at the scene told the author, equipment management, data management, analysis services, application and integration, and commercial systems. Secondly, the key technical standards of intelligent manufacturing are not unified. The specific development path of key technologies related to intelligent manufacturing, such as IOT, intelligent equipment and robots, big data, cloud computing, software, is not clear, and the corresponding standards and specifications have not been unified, resulting in poor compatibility between products of different manufacturers and high integration difficulty

second, the industrial interconnection architecture needs to be solved urgently. Industrial interconnection is to realize the interconnection of equipment, products, people, etc. the gate size is 1/2 ⑴/3 of the wall thickness of plastic parts; The centralized group of various heterogeneous networks is the network of networks

heterogeneous networks in industrial interconnection include not only RFID, Bluetooth, ZigBee, WiFi, cellular and other wire communication networks that are suitable for different communication distances and have different communication protocols, but also interconnection based on tcp/ip protocol and special protocol local area. Different heterogeneous networks have great differences in network architecture, reference framework, data structure, response mechanism, addressing mode and other communication protocol contents. If the integration of heterogeneous networks cannot be solved, the interaction, storage and mining of industrial big data will be limited, and the value-added of the whole product life cycle will be affected. 2. Services in the same shift will also be affected. Therefore, it is necessary to clarify the switching mechanism between heterogeneous networks and establish a unified industrial interconnection architecture that can integrate different heterogeneous networks

third, the traditional industry management mode does not adapt to the new mode of interconnection + manufacturing. The system, mechanism and management mode in the industrialization era do not adapt to the new mode of interconnection + manufacturing, which is mainly reflected in three aspects

first of all, it is the incompatibility between traditional production relations and emerging production relations. The vigorous development of new things will have an impact on the existing rules. The state has insufficient response to the innovation and development trend of Internet + manufacturing, and lacks long-term strategic thinking and effective management mode. The current manufacturing policy is still the inheritance of the old industrialization ideas, which may hinder the development of the Internet + manufacturing industry in terms of regulatory standards and administrative approval

the second is the inadaptability of the industry management system of accelerating cross-border integration and fragmentation. Internet + manufacturing is not just a matter of the Ministry of industry and information technology, but a major article of highly coordinated and overall planning by all government departments. At present, the government informatization promotion department is still in a subordinate position at the level of technology and tools in the whole government system, and lacks the ability to cross departments, cross industries and command the overall situation, which will lead to the formation of information islands among relevant departments, and it is difficult to adapt to the trend of industrial changes brought about by the Internet + manufacturing industry

thirdly, the growing sharing of basic information resources does not meet the needs of business collaboration and supervision methods. The high degree of collaboration between the upstream and downstream links of the manufacturing industry chain puts forward higher requirements for the establishment, opening and sharing of basic information resources such as enterprise credit reporting database, industry database and legal person database. At present, China has not yet established a business collaboration guarantee mechanism and supervision mode that can deal with the sharing of basic information resources in the industry, which seriously restricts the open sharing of information resources upstream and downstream of the industrial chain

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